Glossary of logistcs terms

Since all the terms are used in international business, the glossary is available in English language only.

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Sums paid out by a ship's agent at a port and recovered from the carrier.  
1. Unloading of a vehicle, a vessel or an aircraft. 2. Landing of cargo.  
A statement in which a company or individual says that they are not responsible for something.  
Duty of the insured and their broker to tell the underwriter every material circumstance before acceptance of the risk.  
Difference between the particulars given and the particulars found.  
Discrepancy Letter of Credit
When documents presented do not conform to the Letter of Credit, it is referred to as a "discrepancy".  
Process of sending goods. DespatchDispatch Advice
Dispatch Advice
Information sent by shipper to the consignee informing that specified goods have been sent or are ready to be sent advising the detailed contents of the consignment. Dispatch Note (for Post Parcels)
Dispatch Note (for Post Parcels)
Document which, according to the agreement concerning postal parcels, is to accompany post parcels.  
Weight of the quantity of water displaced by the vessel. The displacement of the vessel on her light draft represents the weight of the vessel ready for use including stores, etc.  
Disposable Pallet
Pallet intended to be discarded after a single cycle of use. One-Way PalletExpendable Pallet
All activities relating to the inland movement of empty and/or full containers.  
Set of activities which ensure the availability of goods in the desired quality, quantity, place and time for the customer. Physical Distribution
Distribution Center
Warehouse for the receipt, the storage and the dispersal of goods among customers. Synonym: Branch Warehouse  
Distribution Channel
Route by which a company distributes goods.  
Vertically mounted partition in a compartment on board of an aircraft (air cargo). Partition
Dock Receipt
Form issued by a carrier or its representative as evidence that merchandise was in fact received by the carrier for shipment. Often referred to as a Received for Shipment Bill of Lading.  
Documentary Credit
Commercial Letter of Credit providing for payment by a bank to the name beneficiary, usually the seller of merchandise, against delivery of documents specified in the credit.  
Documentary Draft
Draft to which documents are attached.  
Documents against Acceptance
Abbreviation: D/A. Instructions given by a shipper to a bank indicating that documents transferring title to goods should be delivered to the buyer (or drawee) only upon the buyer's acceptance of an attached draft.  
Documents against Payment
Abbreviation: D/P. Instructions a shipper gives to its bank that the documents attached to a draft for collection are deliverable to the drawee only against their payment of the draft.  
Domestic Carriage
Carriage whereby the place of departure and the place of destination are situated within one country (air cargo).  
Domestic Rate
Rate applicable within a country, and in most cases subject to special conditions other than those of IATA (air cargo).  
Door-to-Door Transport
House-to House Transport
Double Stack Train
Railway wagons on which containers can be stacked two-high. Block Train

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